• Due to shortage of labourers in Punjab and Haryana, farmers are now being encouraged to adopt ‘direct seeding of rice’ (DSR) in place of conventional transplanting.
Normal transplanting of paddy:
• In transplanting, farmers prepare nurseries where the paddy seeds are first sown and raised into young plants.
• These seedlings are then uprooted and replanted 25-35 days later in the main field. The nursery seed bed is 5-10% of the area to be transplanted.
Direct seeding of Rice (DSR):
• In DSR, there is no nursery preparation or transplantation. The seeds are instead directly drilled into the field by a tractor-powered machine.
• The Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) in Ludhiana has developed a ‘Lucky Seed Drill’ that can both sow seeds and simultaneously spray herbicides to control weeds.
• In DSR, water is replaced by real chemical herbicides. Farmers have to only level their land and give one pre-sowing irrigation or rauni. It also saves water by not requiring flooding of fields.
Mains Paper 3: Economy
Prelims level: Direct seeding of rice